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Comparative Human Rights, Refugee, & Asylum Law: Human Rights in the Americas

Inter-American Human Rights Basics

American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man

The American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man (1948), also known as the Bogota Declaration, was the world's first international human rights instrument of a general nature, preceding both the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the American Convention on Human Rights.

American Convention on Human Rights

The American Convention on Human Rights (1978) is an international human rights instrument, adopted by many countries in the Western Hemisphere. Two organs of the Organization of American States (OAS) are charged with overseeing compliance with the Convention: the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights,

Inter-American Human Rights Bodies

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights

The IACHR is a principal and autonomous organ of the Organization of American States (“OAS”) whose mission is to promote and protect human rights in the American hemisphere. It is composed of seven independent members who serve in a personal capacity.

The work of the IACHR rests on three main pillars: the individual petition system, monitoring of the human rights situation in the Member States, and
the attention devoted to priority thematic areas.

Inter-American Court of Human Rights

The Inter-American Court of Human Rights, created by the American Convention on Human Rights, is an autonomous judicial institution. The Court rules on whether a State has violated an individual's human rights, rather than if individuals are guilty of human rights violations.

Additional Resources

Related Books in Law Library Catalog

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