- Highest level of representation, made up of Members' heads of state.
- Sets EU policy priorities, but does not pass legislation.
- Acts as the “executive” in a Parliamentary system by initiating legislation and submitting proposals to the Council of the European Union.
Council of the European Union (a.k.a. Council of Ministers)
- Made up of ministers in various policy areas from each Member State.
- Acts on Commission proposals, and is the final legislative authority. May request the Commission to propose legislation.
- Composed of Representatives directly elected by populations of the Member States.
- Acts as a forum for debate and comment upon proposed legislation.
- Committees review proposed legislation, and draft a report and opinion for consideration by the plenary.
Economic and Social Committee
- Composed of members appointed by Member States, representing industry, labor and consumers.
- May be asked to give an opinion on proposed legislation.
Court of Justice of the European Union (official "Court of Justice" or "Cour de Justice")
- Supreme court of the European Union in matters of European Union law.
- Decides cases interpreting legislation.